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Brief Profile

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Location
Maguindanao Province is located on the west of central Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by the Province of Lanao del Sur, on the east by Cotabato Province, on the south by Sultan Kudarat Province and on the west by Illana Bay.

Topography
The Province of Maguindanao maybe divided into two (2) physiographic units, the southwest cluster and the Maguindanao lowland. The southwest mountain cluster includes the two (2) big group of mountain elevation of Binaca and Blit. They are separated by the Valleys of Matuber River flowing northwest into the Moro Gulf and Lawasa-ig in to the Mindanao Sea. The Maguindanao lowland includes the extremity of the Cotabato base northeast of the provincial highlands. The area approaches the seas and the swamps of the Libungan marsh. Thick accumulation of detritus materials derived from the weathering and erosion of the adjacent emergent land mass compose the sea.

The Rio Grande de Mindanao is known as the biggest and the longest river in Mindanao. The northwest boundary of the Province and as such as the west bank is within the jurisdiction of the province. The rivers meanders with flood rains developed at places together with extensive delta, which caused its immediate vicinity marshy. It drains westward into the Illana bay and the Moro Gulf. Several small streams and creeks are perennial type while the rest are intermittent.

Land Area
Maguindanao has a total land area of 597,052.79 hectares. The Province is composed of Thirty Six (36) Municipalities with 486 barangays. Sultan Kudarat municipality is the seat of the Provincial Capitol.

Land Capability

Classes A, BE, BW, BS are classified as very good land. These land areas are suitable for crop cultivation with varying requirements for soil conservation, while DE is classified as fairly good land that requires special soil management for its very low fertility. This land is suitable for limited cultivation and best suited to pasture or forest.

Soil Classification

There about ten types of soil found in the Province of Maguindanao. Among the principal soil types are clay loam and sandy loam, which are favorable for the cultivation of rice and corn. These soil types are with the areas covered by the municipalities of Datu Piang, Buluan, Datu Paglas, Upi, Ampatuan, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Sultan Kudarat and Parang. Buldon and Matanog have generally sandy loam soil. Mountain soil, which are undifferentiated, northwestern and southwestern portion of the province. Ampatuan and Datu Odin Sinsuat have this type of soil.

Table 4. Soil Type and Textural Classification By Municipality

MUNICIPALITY

SOIL TYPE

PRESENT LAND USE

Ampatuan

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Barira

Langkong Clay

 

Buldon

Buldon Sandy Loam

 

Buluan

Timaga Clay Loam

 

Datu Abdula Sangki

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn

Datu Montawal

Kabacan Clay Loam

Rice, Corn, Mongo & Tobacco

Datu Odin Sinsuat

Paraoon Clay Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn

Datu Paglas

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Datu Piang

Timaga Clay Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Datu Saudi Ampatuan

Timaga Clay Loam

 

Datu Unsay

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Guindulungan

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Kabuntalan

Tamontaka Clay

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Mamasapano

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Matanog

Langkong Clay

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Pagalungan

Kabacan Clay Loam

 

Paglat

Timaga Clay Loam

 

Parang

Balut Clay Loam

Fruit Trees, Permanent crops

Rajah Buayan

 

 

S. K. Pendatun

Timaga Clay Loam

 

Shariff Aguak

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn

South Upi

Paraon Clay Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn

Sultan Kudarat

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Sultan Mastura

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Sultan sa Barongis

Banga Clay Loam

Rice, Corn & Coconut

Talayan

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Talitay

San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Upi

Paraon Clay Loam

Banana, Abaca, Ecellent for pasture

Source: DA, Maguindanao

Table 5: Soil Classification and Land Capability

Soil Type

Land Capability Classification

Slope Range

Soil Limitation

GENERAL LAND USE

Hydrosol

 

X

0% Level

Very severe water (wetness)Very poor drained

Fish, salted site, shrimps pond or for recreation, need field verification

Soil Undifferentiated

U

 

 

Tree farm (including abaca & banana) or pasture, quarry purpose

Paraon Clay Paraon Clay Loam

De

15-25%

Severely eroded inadequate internal drainage dry or rough to strong or rocky

Diversified field crops: annual upland field; corn, sorghum, upland, rice, soybeans, peanut, mongo, sweet potato, cassava, etc.

River Wash

Y

Strongly sloping 0-5%

None to very slight

Perennial field crops, sugarcane, pineapple, tangan-tangan, coconut, citrus, fruit trees, etc.

San Miguel Loam

A

 

 

Vegetables

Buldon Sandy Loam

Dalican Clay Loam

 

BE

0-3% Level to nearly 3-8% nearly level to gently sloping

 

Rubber

Balut Clay

N

 

Very severe erosion dry sometimes with stones & gravel

Wetland paddy rice

Tamontaka Clay

BW

40% above, very rugged

Slightly doughtiness, some poorly drained

Diversified field crops

Banga Sandy Loam

Bs

0-3% nearly level

Slightly doughtiness & low fertility on sight

 

San Miguel Gravelly Loam

Ds

3-8% nearly level to gently sloping

Severe doughtiness & very low fertility & severe salty excessive drained

 

Source: DA, Maguindanao

Drainage Condition
The drainage condition in the province is fairly poor with some portion classified as good to fair drainage. These conditions are mostly found along the plains and valleys. In the upland areas the drainage conditions range from good to fair to excessive erosion as a result of massive forest destruction.

Climate
Maguindanao falls under type E characterized by more or less even distribution of rainfall through out the year. The wettest month having at least three times the rainfall of the driest months. Its temperature ranges from 22.9 c. to 32 c., its hottest months from March to June and the coolest from November to January.

Rainfall
The Pag-Asa based in Awang, Datu Odin Sinusuat monitored the Climatic and Rainfall data in 2004, as shown in the following tables;

Table 6. 2004 Summary Report on Climatic Data

 

Station pressure (MBS)

Tempearature

Dry bulb

Wet bulb

Max.

Min.

Mean

Mean dew point

Total

120,562

2336

2942

3824

2756

3310

2809

Mean

1004.7

278

245

319

230

276

234

 

 

Mean Relative Humidity

Rainfall

(mm)

Wind

Average Velocity (MPS)

Prevailing Direction

Total

916

2758.7

29

4100

Mean

76

230

02

340

 

 

Mean Cloudiness (1-8)

Miscellaneous Meteors

Smoke Haze

Rain Shower Drizzle

Thunderstorm

Distant Lighting

Mean Sea Level Pressure

Total

85

365

222

82

308

121174

Mean

7

30

19

7

26

10098

Source: PAG-ASA

Table 7. Rainful Data in Millimeter ( January to December 2004)

Day

2 0 0 4

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

1

51

0

0

0

1.3

1.2

3.6

9999

68.1

2

0

0

2

T

11.2

0

0

1.1

1.3

7.5

0.6

9999

18.3

27.4

0

3

0

T

0.8

0

2.6

0

36.2

6.5

9999

7.3

9999

0

4

T

T

34.5

0

9999

0

6.6

13.8

73

44.3

9999

0

5

T

T

2

0

9999

T

51.4

9999

20.2

9999

9999

50.3

6

0

T

34.5

0

4.1

T

76.4

0

7

24.3

0

0

7

0.4

32.1

2

0

25.6

0

1

0

25.3

46.3

6.6

97.6

8

0

T

9999

0

6.2

4.1

12.3

9999

9999

96.8

0

0

9

0

5.6

0

0

17.7

T

T

4.3

0.2

7.6

0

4.2

10

3.7

T

0

0

17.3

0

T

54

60.8

54.4

0

9999

11

0

0

0

0

32.6

6

22

0.8

11.4

9999

9999

3.5

12

T

0

T

0

22.8

7.3

2.1

10.5

9999

73.6

1.2

9999

13

0

0

0

0

43

T

1.1

9.5

38.6

9999

0

32.6

14

0

0

T

0

1.5

59.2

1

4.3

9999

9999

0

9.7

15

T

T

3.1

5.4

0

37

T

9.5

9999

8.2

0

9999

16

T

0

0

9999

0

1.6

57.4

9999

9999

64.4

7

32.6

17

0

0

0

11.76

4.6

0

36.9

9999

49.9

25.9

0

9.7

18

0

0

26.6

9999

17.9

0

13.3

0.8

9999

23.8

0

9999

19

 

T

64.1

0

16.8

33.1

T

9999

3.5

31.2

0

17.4

20

1.8

10.3

17.7

9999

9.7

3.3

11.7

9999

9999

6.7

0

3.2

21

0

11.9

T

0

27.7

17.9

21.3

6.7

19.4

41.8

0

13.2

22

0

1.6

12.8

0

1.2

51

5.8

33.2

1.2

15

0

2.1

23

T

T

0

9999

2.2

13.2

T

9999

7.8

18.2

0

9999

24

T

T

0

53.6

9999

25.4

28.4

29.4

7

15.7

0

0

25

0

0

0

9999

9999

T

16.6

16.7

14.4

9999

9999

9999

26

0

0

0

1.6

0

46.9

8.4

1.7

4.5

9999

0

0

27

T

0

18.7

9999

0

60

0

44.5

17.4

0

0

0

28

0

0.8

8.6

0

T

6.3

T

3.8

4.8

T

0

5.5

29

T

-

0.6

9999

0

T

T

9999

14.2

T

0

1.5

30

T

-

8.6

0

0

3.1

T

0.2

2.3

0

0

1.8

31

T

-

T

-

T

-

T

59.7

-

0

-

0.2

Total

50.9

73.5

234.3

72.36

255.9

377.7

420

309.7

451

625.8

42.8

250.5

Mean

1.83

2.12

7.56

2.41

8.25

12.59

13.55

9.99

15.03

20.18

1.43

8.08

Source: Pag-asa, Maguindanao